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Inheritance Tax

2010/11 2009/10
Standard threshold 325,000 325,000
Combined threshold maximum for married couples and civil partners 650,000 650,000
Rate of tax on balance:
Chargeable lifetime transfers
Transfers on, or within 7 years of, death

All lifetime transfers not covered by exemptions and made within seven years of death will be added back into the estate for the purpose of calculating the tax payable. Tax attributable to such transfers is then reduced:

Years before death 0-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7
Tax reduced by 0% 20% 40% 60% 80%

Main Reliefs
Business property:
- business or interest therein 100%
- qualifying shareholdings in unquoted* companies 100%
- land, buildings, machinery, or plant used by transferor's controlled company or partnership 50%
Agricultural property 50% or 100%
*Unquoted companies include those listed on AIM

Main Exemptions

  1. Most transfers between spouses and civil partners.
  2. The first 3,000 of lifetime transfers in any tax year plus any unused balance from previous year.
  3. Gifts of up to but not exceeding 250p.a to any number of persons.
  4. Gifts in consideration of marriage or civil partnership of: up to 5,000 by a parent, up to 2,500 by a grandparent, or up to 1,000 by any other person.
  5. Gifts made out of income that form part of normal expenditure and do not reduce the standard of living.
  6. Gifts to charities, whether made during lifetime or on death.

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